Development Trend of Logistics Machinery and Equipment
With the expansion of production and logistics scale, as well as the improvement of logistics automation, logistics machinery and equipment in the modern production and logistics applications more and more widely, the role is also growing; and modern production and modern logistics and logistics machinery and equipment A higher demand. Modern machinery and equipment design capacity, scientific and technological progress, making the logistics machinery and equipment technology with full, knowledge content, cultural content increased dramatically, logistics machinery and equipment is undergoing a huge change. In the new century, the technical performance of logistics machinery and equipment will enter a new stage of development, logistics machinery and equipment will achieve greater development
Throughout the development of logistics machinery and equipment can be seen, in order to meet the needs of modern logistics, logistics machinery and equipment have the following trends:
1. Large-scale and high-speed
Large-scale refers to the equipment capacity, size, ability is growing, high-speed refers to the equipment speed, speed, speed, speed of operation greatly accelerated. The rapid development of modern social economy, making the scale of production and logistics continue to expand, in order to improve operational efficiency and economies of scale, large, high-speed logistics machinery demand continues to grow. Logistics machinery and equipment from the weight, load capacity, productivity, operating capacity is growing, faster and faster.
2. Practical and lightweight
Logistics machinery and equipment is a modern, automated logistics of the important material technology base. Logistics machinery and equipment requirements for easy use, easy maintenance, operation, with excellent durability, trouble-free and good economy, and high security, reliability. Therefore, the future will pay more attention to the development of the use of good performance, low cost, high reliability of the logistics machinery and equipment. There are some logistics machinery and equipment is used in general occasions, the work is not heavy. This kind of equipment is large in size and wide in use. Considering the comprehensive benefit can reduce the appearance height, simplify the structure, reduce the cost, and reduce the running cost of the equipment. This light of the equipment in the future will have a faster development.
3. Specialization and generalization
Logistics is the product of social and economic development, must be with the socio-economic development and diversification of the characteristics. The diversification of the characteristics reflects the diversification of the demand for logistics machinery and equipment, so that the logistics machinery and equipment with a wide variety of varieties and constantly updated. Logistics system, consistency and transport and distribution of fast, mobile, requiring some equipment to the direction of specialization, while also requiring some equipment to the generalization and standardization of the direction of development. Special equipment to meet the special needs of the unique function, can play the best effect. Such as railways, ships, containers and other special cranes will continue to increase the function of continuous improvement, adaptability continue to strengthen; container ships, bulk carriers, concrete carriers, tankers and other uses a wide range of low cost. And some general-purpose equipment can also achieve rapid conversion of logistics operations, greatly improve the efficiency of logistics operations, such as large container trailers can carry sea, air, rail transport all the size of the container, the future of general equipment will also be further developed.
4. Automation and intelligence
The combination of mechanical technology and electronic technology will be advanced microelectronics technology, power electronics technology, cable technology, hydraulic technology, fuzzy control technology applied to the mechanical drive and control system, the realization of logistics machinery and equipment automation and intelligence will be Future direction of development. For example, a new generation of electrical control devices for large, high-efficiency cranes has evolved into an all-digital digital control system consisting of all-digital control drives, programmable controllers, fault diagnosis and data management systems, and digital manipulation of a given detection device. The application of advanced technology makes the crane more flexible, thus improving the level of integrated automation. The operation of the transport equipment is more dependent on the instrument, the signal and the auxiliary driving system are becoming more and more intelligent. The development and application of the intelligent transportation system (ITS) in the automatic driving system of the sea, the automatic transportation system in the air, and the delivery of the cargo trolley in the automated warehouse will attract the attention of all countries. In addition, with the help of satellite communications technology, transport equipment can be tracked and controlled throughout the market changes to make rapid response. At the end of 2000, Northwest International Telecom Co., Ltd. for the FAW storage and transportation company to establish a set of freight vehicle dispatch management system, it will GPS, GIS, GSM and many other technologies together to achieve the full tracking of goods monitoring. The system can effectively avoid the vehicle's no-load, reasonable and effective arrangements, delivery time, greatly improve vehicle utilization, saving transportation costs, and enable enterprises or shippers to understand the goods in the transport of all the circumstances, the maximum To meet customer needs for vehicle safety services, management scheduling and information services. Since the establishment of the system, the system has been working well and has played a very good effect, providing a basis for the effective management of logistics and will be widely used in the future.
Intelligent van AHV (AutonomousHandlingVehicle) will also be widely used. The shape of the AHV is similar to that of the AGV that is now used, but with two common robots that rely on the industrial camera that works as a visual one. The position and size of the goods are judged by the fact that the same can be manipulated by a robot 200 - 300 kg of goods. AHV has the function of collaborative operation, handling the goods is too long, too heavy, can be carried out by more than two ARV collaborative operations, which will greatly reduce the ARV specifications model, easy to manage. Several sets of the same specifications AHV joint operation, its operational capacity can be improved a lot.
5. Complete and systematic
In the logistics machinery and equipment on the basis of a single machine automation, through the computer to a variety of logistics machinery and equipment to form a logistics machinery and equipment integration system, through the control of the central control room, coordination with the logistics system. This kind of logistics machinery and equipment has a high degree of automation, with information processing function, the sensor can detect a variety of information to implement storage, computing, logical judgment, transformation and other processing and processing, and then issued to the executive control instructions. This kind of logistics machinery and equipment also has a good information input output interface, to achieve all the information, accurate and reliable in the entire logistics machinery integrated system transmission. Logistics machinery and equipment through the system integration, can form a different model of the best match and combination, learn from each other, play the best effect. Will focus on the development of the factory production and transportation automation systems, cargo distribution and distribution systems, container handling system, the goods of the automatic sorting and handling systems.